Architecture

The Architects

Lewis Hornblower (1823 - 1879) 

He lived in park road south, Birkenhead and designed the Grand Entrance. He was also responsible for the architectural work on houses and lodges in and around the park. With French landscape architect Edouard André he won a competition to design Sefton park in Liverpool and worked on designs for Princes Park also in Liverpool.

John Robertson 

He was Sir John Loudon's principal draughtsman before 1840. Subsequently he worked in the office of Sir Joseph Paxton. During this period Robertson completed designs for Princes Park, Liverpool (1842) and Birkenhead Park (1847).

Walter Scott (1811 - 1875)

Walter Scott is thought to have designed many of the earlier private houses around Birkenhead Park. He also designed Clifton Park and a number of other large building and churches in the region including the main building of Birkenhead School and Christ Church, Higher Bebington.

The Grand Entrance

The Grand Entrance features classical Greek styling and has a massive triple archway with segmented arches and a balustraded parapet hiding a shallow roof. The twin scrolls are an iconic feature and have an egg and dart molding indicating life and death. The columns are ionic features, the entablature with dentil molding on the cornice is classic. It is a Grade II listed building.

Designed by Lewis Hornblower  c.1844 - 1846

Central Lodge

Located on 27 Ashville Road, the Central Lodge has fluted finial chimneys, a balustraded parapet and pilasters, typical of it's classic design. There are round headed upper panes of glass in the windows and a shouldered architrave to support the porch roof.

Designed by Lewis Hornblower & John Robertson c.1845

Italian Lodge

This is an asymmetrical building with two stories. It is an Italianate style building which was popular between 1830 and 1870. It has a belvedere tower with an arcade. The eaves are wide and bracketed and the windows are paired. it has a low pitched roof and there is an entablature (features of a classic style) running horizontally between ground and first floors.

Designed by  John Robertson c.1844 -1846

The Gothic Lodge

The Gothic Lodge is coursed and squared
sandstone with a Welsh slate roof. It is in a Gothic style with 2 storeys where the 
main range faces the street. The central entrance is flanked by stone mullioned windows in ashlar dressed architraves, and 3 gabled dormer windows above. There are also cast-iron railings with spear head principal posts at intervals, with scrolled braces.This forms part of the original development of Birkenhead Park.

Designed by  John Robertson c.1844 -1846

Castellated Lodge

Located on 78 Park drive, this lodge has two stories and is asymmetrical, with a series of towers. It has angled buttresses and an embattled projecting parapet.It is unique among the lodges and features two large chimneys in a classic style.

Designed by Lewis Hornblower & John Robertson c.1846

The Swiss Bridge

The Swiss Bridge is a footbridge over part of the east lake. It was put up in 1843-7 making it an original feature of Kemp's Park but has been renewed several times, most recently in January 2016. The iconic design attracts thousands of visitors each year and is a staple of the Birkenhead Park experience. The design and name are contradictory, despite being called the Swiss bridge, it has a Chinese style design, which was the result of a disagreement and compromise between the two leading architects.

Designed by Edward Kemp & Joseph Paxton c.1846

The Roman Boathouse

Along with the Swiss Bridge, the boathouse is one of Birkenhead Park’s most impressive features. It is a cube shaped building with Doric style pillars, and has a red-tiled pyramid roof. Beneath, at water level is a semi-circular opening for the storage of small boats. Inside the boathouse is a beautiful pebbled mosaic, created by Maggie Howarth in 1989

Designed by Lewis Hornblower & John Robertson c.1846

Birkenhead Park Visitor Centre

Park Drive

Birkenhead 

Wirral, CH41 4HY

birkenheadpark@wirral.gov.uk

Tel: 0151 652 5197